- Plural of ointment
An ointment is a viscous semisolid preparation used topically on a variety of body surfaces. These include the skin and the mucus membranes of the eye (an eye ointment), vagina, anus, and nose. An ointment may or may not be medicated.
DescriptionThe vehicle of an ointment is known as ointment base. The choice of a base depends upon the clinical indication for the ointment, and the different types of ointment bases are:
- Hydrocarbon bases. e.g. hard paraffin, soft paraffin.
- Absorption bases. e.g. wool fat, beewax.
- Water soluble bases. e.g. macrogols 200,300,400.
Properties which affect choice of an ointment base are:
- Solvent property
- Irritant effects
- Ease of application and removal
Methods of preparation of ointmentsTrituration: In this finely subdivided insoluble medicaments are evenly distributed by grinding with a small amount of the base followed by dilution with gradually increasing amounts of the base.
Fusion: In this method the ingredients are melted together in descending order of their melting points and stirred to ensure homogenity
ointments in Arabic: مرهم
ointments in German: Salbe
ointments in French: Pommade
ointments in Latin: Unguentum
ointments in Limburgan: Zalf
ointments in Dutch: Zalf
ointments in Japanese: 軟膏剤
ointments in Norwegian: Salver
ointments in Polish: Maść (medycyna)
ointments in Portuguese: pomada
ointments in Russian: Мазь